A Quick Overview of Diabetes


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By Jyoti Gupta

31 May 2011: Diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce a hormone called insulin, which is needed for the assimilation and utilisation of sugar.

 

 

Types

Juvenile diabetes which develops since childhood
Maturity–onset diabetes which develops in adult stage
Gestational diabetes which affects pregnant women

 

Symptoms

Unusual hunger
Abnormal thirst
Constant urination
Fatigue
Problems in vision
Slow healing of wounds

 

Causes

Unhealthy diet
Lack of exercise leading to obesity

 

Effects

Diabetes can affect the functioning of the kidneys, heart, eyes, nerves and other organs leading to other chronic diseases like
Coronary heart disease

Cataract and other vision defects

 

Remedial measures

A very light diet comprising of fruits and vegetables, which is positive and health-giving to maintain optimal blood glucose levels
A herbal drink  like Bilva leaf juice is found to be very effective and can be  taken early morning
Morning walks should be a part of daily routine
Yoga and pranayama also prove beneficial
Avoid smoking and drinking habits
Do not take unnecessary stress. Do meditation to keep your mind calm
Avoid sweets made of refined sugar and fried food containing high cholesterol
Check your blood glucose regularly to keep track

 

Effective foods

Amla, jamun and bitter-gourd in powder form to be taken once or twice a day
Seeds of jamun can be dried and powdered. This powder mixed in water can be taken 3-4 times a day  to quench thirst and reduce the quantity of sugar in urine
Juice of bitter gourd taken early morning helps in lowering the blood and urine sugar levels
Fenugreek seeds have been found highly effective in the treatment and help in reducing the levels of glucose
Tomato is a very good food for diabetics because of its low carbohydrate content
Intake of water extract of channa enhances the utilization of glucose
Groundnuts are valuable in diabetes
Grapefruit  can be taken 3 times a day
Soyabean having no starch is an energy giving food
Water obtained from soaking mango leaves overnight should be taken in the morning.

 

 

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